- 1 About the Micro-AgTM & Nano-Ag ICSTM
- 2 Micro-AgTM and Nano-AgTM User Guide
- 3 Trouble Shooting Guide
- 4 Colloidal Silver FAQ's & Myths
- 4.1 The solution needs to be constantly stirred
- 4.2 There needs to be an air tight seal on the jar.
- 4.3 I need to adjust the polarity switching right?
- 4.4 I need to know the current applied to the electrodes.
- 4.5 Why no laser on my Micro-Ag or Nano-Ag ICS machines?
- 4.6 I can just use 3 batteries to make colloidal silver.
- 4.7 How accurate is a PPM meter?
- 4.8 Smaller colloids are better than larger ones.
- 4.9 Don't I need an Erlenmeyer flask?
- 4.10 Why so many acronyms with colloidal silver?
About the Micro-AgTM & Nano-Ag ICSTM
The Micro-AgTM and Nano-Ag ICSTM Colloidal Silver Generator is a Low Voltage, Direct Current - High Frequency (LVDC-HF) Ionic and Colloidal silver generator, designed, manufactured and distributed solely by Renewedcell in Queensland Australia. The development program of the Micro-AgTM lasted over 1 year between initial concept drawing to first production prototype.
The Micro-AgTM and Nano-Ag ICSTM are the worlds first true Colloidal Silver Generator to produce both Ionic Silver and Colloidal Silver. This is achieved by producing both types of silvers at different stages during the production process. Typically, the first 5% - 10% of each produced solution is Ionic Silver with the remaining 90% - 95% being Colloidal Silver.
Each unit is driven and controlled by a 8Mhz processor running proprietary software code written by Renewedcell. The Micro-AgTM and Nano-Ag ICSTM are fitted with a Current Balancing Module (CBM) that ensures that the current available to be fed to each silver electrode is held at a consistent rate depending on measured parameters by the main processor unit. The relationship between the applied voltage, current and frequency is what determines the process of producing Ionic Silver or Colloidal Silver. The applied factors are fed directly through two High Density, fully annealed pure (99.999%) silver electrodes measuring 140mm (L) x 1.5mm (D). To maintain the atomic balance of each silver electrode, the Micro-AgTM and Nano-Ag ICSTM are programmed to switch the electrical polarity of the supplied voltage to each silver electrode upon a measured range of criterion. On average, the polarity is switched every 45-120 seconds between each silver electrode. This is done with our software driven Smart-SenseTM module. The output voltage is set at a fixed rate of 12Vdc.
The Micro-AgTM and Nano-Ag ICSTM are designed and considered to be a slow release style unit. In short, this means that the silver atoms are gently released over time (several hours) from the silver electrodes rather than being forced apart as done by high current applications. Each unit is capable of producing 50PPM (over an extended production period) in 1 liter of liquid though the concept design is for 5PPM - 20PPM in 500ml of liquid. This "slow release" method has repeatedly produced more consistently sized silver colloids measurable between 4nm - 12nm (nanometers) in diameter.
The Micro-AgTM and Nano-Ag ICSTM are also the worlds first extruded, machined and fully automotive grade aluminium based unit. Each unit is hard anodized with a clear finish to protect from accidental dents and scratches. Two ABS end panels protect the corners of The Micro-AgTM and Nano-Ag ICSTM from side impacts. Neither machine is designed for large scale or commercial use.
Case. Automotive Grade Aluminium with ABS end panels.
Finish. Hard clear anodized.
Dimensions. 110mm x 70mm x 24mm
Mains Power Supply. 110-240Vac.
Unit Input Power. 12Vdc.
Unit Output Power. 12Vdc Max current rating 2A.
Minimum Temp. 5 °C
Maximum Tempt. 60 °C
Operating Speed. Micro-AgTM & Nano-AgTM ICS 8MHz (Megahertz) | Nano-AgTM PLUS 16MHz (Megahertz)
Memory. Micro-AgTM & Nano-AgTM ICS 64Kb | Nano-AgTM PLUS 128Kb
Electrode Voltage. 12Vdc
Software Revision. Micro-AgTM & Nano-AgTM MAGV3.01 | Nano-AgTM PLUS NAG+V12.06
Micro-AgTM and Nano-AgTM User Guide
The Micro-AgTM and Nano-Ag ICSTM are very simple to use. Consisting of essentially just 3 main sections (main unit, head unit and power supply), assembly prior to production can be achieved in less than 1 minute. For the sake of best practice, this User Guide will be following the optimum procedure for assembly, production and post production processes. Please read the full procedure prior to producing your first solution.
During this procedure it will be presumed that the user has the prerequisite access to the following: glass vessel (jar), distilled or demineralised water (liquid), mains electrical power and a solid flat working surface.
- Head Unit Pre-assembly: The head unit is supplied with 4 self adhesive silicon feet. These feet are to be positioned to allow the head unit to be set upon the jar securely and with only minimum side-to-side and back-to-front movement. Given that each foot is 8mm in diameter, we will consider each foot to be 10mm in diameter for ease of assembly. Measure with a rule, the inside mouth diameter of the jar (for example 80mm). Place the rule across the bottom of the head unit with the 40mm mid-point in the centre of the electrode clamp housing. Place one foot inline with the rule so the outside edge of that foot is at 0mm. Affix the other foot directly opposite and inline with this first foot with the outside edge at the 80mm point on the rule. Rotate the head unit 90° and repeat the above process with the two remaining feet. When completed you should have all four feet affixed in the 12, 3, 6, and 9 o'clock positions. The absolute positioning of these feet is not critical.
- Liquids and Glass Vessel: Place your clean chosen glass vessel upon a solid flat working surface. Add the liquid to your desired level. Note, it is important that the liquid level is covering approximately 80% of the length of the silver electrodes. More liquid can be added in a later stage to achieve this minimum level.
During this procedure it will be presumed that the user has the prerequisite access to the following: glass vessel (jar), distilled or demineralised water (liquid), mains electrical power, a solid flat working surface and all previous processes have been followed.
- Main Unit: Insert the two electrode cables from the Head Unit in to the Main Unit electrode ports. If your version of the Micro-AgTM and Nano-Ag ICSTM use RED and BLACK terminal ports, insert the electrode cables in to the corresponding coloured port (red-to-red, black-to-black). Otherwise insert either electrode cable in to either electrode port.
- Electrode Insertion: Press down the appropriate locating tab on the Head Unit to open the internal clamp that holds the electrode in place. Whilst depressing the tab, push the electrode in to the open port until it will go no further. Release the tab to clamp the electrode in place. Gently bend the electrode until it is roughly vertical (90°) in relation to the Head Unit. Do the above for the second electrode. Gently position the electrodes in their clamps until they are both running parallel to each other down their entire length. It is IMPORTANT that the two electrodes are not touching physically at any point.
- Positioning: Once the electrodes have been affixed to the Head Unit, the Head Unit must then be placed upon the jar. With the Head Unit fitted, the liquid level should be checked to ensure that it is approximately covering 80% of the length of the electrodes... but not so high that it is touching the clamp housing. Adjust the liquid level to reflect the above requirement.
- Running: Insert the Power Supply Output plug in to the Power port of the Micro-AgTM and Nano-Ag ICSTM unit. Insert the main Power Supply Unit in to a wall power outlet and witch on the power at the mains socket. The Main Unit indicator should light up BLUE. At this point, the production of Ionic & Colloidal Silvers has begun. There is no other input needed from the user at this early stage.
After approximately 1 hour, the silver electrodes will start to darken below the level of the liquid surface. This is indicative of the ICS (Ionic & Colloidal Silver) process taking place. This darkening of the silver electrodes is due to a residue being left on the electrodes as the silver atoms are dispersed in to the liquid. It should also be observed that the electrodes appear to release "smoke" in to the solution. This is perfectly normal and evidences that the colloidal producing process is in effect.
During this procedure it will be presumed that the user has the prerequisite access to the following: glass vessel (jar), distilled or demineralised water (liquid), mains electrical power, a solid flat working surface and all previous processes have been followed.
- PPM Unit: Each Micro-AgTM and Nano-Ag ICSTM are shipped with its own PPM test meter. This meter is used to give a measurement in Parts Per Million (PPM) of the extent of the silver solutions level of silver colloids. This test should be done each hour of the production process. That said, this test can be performed with a much longer interval between tests if high PPM rates are sought. At the start of each test, switch OFF all power to the unit. The solution should be stirred for approximately 2 - 5 seconds to ensure a good dispersion of colloids throughout the whole volume liquid. The end of the PPM tester should be placed in the liquid under test for approximately 5 seconds. The displayed result will be the measured PPM rate for that liquid at that time. After use, rinse the end of the PPM tester with clean water to prevent discolouration over time. Make 4 PPM readings and determine the average reading, this should be taken as the PPM rate of the solution at that time.
- Unit Shutdown: After the desired PPM rate has been reached, the Micro-AgTM and Nano-Ag ICSTM should be shutdown. Switch OFF the power to the Main Unit at the wall socket and wait until the BLUE running light has turned fully OFF. Remove the silver electrodes from the clamp housing and wipe off any soft residue with a paper towel or similar.
- Filtration: Place a new clean filter in to the provided filter holder and place it atop a clean glass vessel capable of holding the volume of liquid produced. Slowly pour the liquid solution in to the filter and allow it to naturally run through the filter. It will be noticed that the liquid borne residue will be caught and collected by the filter. To ensure that all residue is caught, the liquid solution can be filtered several times if deemed required, though once should suffice. It should be noted that the PPM rate of the liquid solution will not be affected by filtration.
- Electrode Cleaning: With the electrodes removed from the clamp housing, allow them to dry naturally. The area of the silver electrodes that were in the liquid should have developed a grey powdery layer. This can be cleaned off by wiping the electrode with a firm scotch-brite cloth or a copper style pan scrubber until there is no residue remaining and the electrode is fully cleaned along its entire length.
- Reducing Agents: With the Micro-AgTM and Nano-Ag ICSTM, there is no need to use any reducing agent whatsoever. Adding a reducing agent like for example syrup will cause a dramatic reduction in the dispersion of colloids within the final solution.
The final colour of any produced solution can change depending on a great number of conditions. These include, but are not limited to; PPM count, ambient temperature, quality of water and silver electrode quality. A solution that is clear or yellow is within a micro % of each other in regards to final quality. Providing the final solution is filtered to remove any left over production residue it will be perfectly safe if consumed within advised quantities.
- Clear: The final colour of a silver solution should be as close to clear as possible under the best production scenario. The more clear a solution is, the smaller the colloids are as a general rule of thumb.^ That said, a perfectly clear solution can also be an indication that you have ionic silver rather than colloidal silver.
- Yellow: A "yellow" coloured solution is NOT a faulty or inferior solution. The yellowing of a solution can occur as a result of high PPM count solutions being produced. This is simply due to the extra refraction of light being observed as higher levels of colloids are being suspended in the solution. A perfectly clear solution can change to a "yellow" solution after 24 hours or so as a result of the electro-chemical reaction still producing colloids after the main electrical supply (via the silver electrodes) is halted. This reaction continues for a short time. The small levels of residual electrical charge in the water and silver electrodes cannot sustain the charge needed to produce the smaller colloids and as such slightly larger colloids are produced as a result. This induces the yellowing of the solution. A hotter ambient temperature and a hotter solution during production can result in a more yellow final solution when compared to the same PPM count solutions produced at lower ambient temperatures. A darker coloured solution may be produced if the silver electrodes are not perfectly clean. Remember, shiny is clean. You can test if your colour is based more on temperature than colloid size by refrigerating your solution and observing the change in colour to a lighter yellow. It is often touted that "true silver nano particles ware too small to reflect any light". This if it were true, would mean that a silver nano particle would be invisible, even if using a microscope or an electron microscope to "observe" them. We know this is not true because the act of observing something does not make an object suddenly visible or in-visisble.
^ Based upon our own findings and testing, smaller colloids are not always better colloids.
Trouble Shooting Guide
Slow or Low Output
Though it is very simple to produce an ICS solution with the Micro-AgTM and Nano-Ag ICSTM, there can from time-to-time be a number of issues that need to be addressed.
- Liquid Level LOW: Normally, this is noticed when the level of liquid is too low, <80% electrode coverage. Consider that if the liquid level is only giving 50% coverage of the electrodes, only 50% of the electrodes can disperse their silver atoms. This reduced level of liquid can result in an output that is around 70%-80% lower/slower than normal.
- Liquid Level HIGH: If the desired final solution is to be (for example) 500ml, filling the glass vessel with 600ml will increase the production time by an extra 20%. This over filling of the liquid can significantly increase the production time required to produce a set PPM count.
- Electrode Residue: If the silver electrodes have not been cleaned or sufficiently cleaned from any previous production run, this will lead to a build up of dried on residue. This residue will create a "coating" around the silver electrodes and will prevent the silver atoms from being dispersed in to the liquid. It is recommended that this residue be cleaned off the electrodes periodically during production to help reduce the production time if a shorter production time is desired.
- Electrode Insertion: If the silver electrodes have not been inserted properly in to the clamp housing, this can cause a poor connection between the clamp and the electrode. Remove the silver electrode from the clamp housing and open/close the clamp a few times allowing the clamp to "snap" shut each time.
- Electrode Depletion: If the silver electrodes are old and have been through many production cycles, they can become depleted of silver atoms. This is noticeable by the silver electrode becoming gradually shorter and thinner over time. Once the silver electrodes are too short to function within the 80:20 ratio (80% in liquid : 20% out of liquid) they should be replaced.
Blue light turns Red
- Error Detected: If the Micro-AgTM and Nano-Ag ICSTM detects that there has been an event outside of its programmed parameters, the Blue indicator will change to Red during the recording of that event to the units internal memory. Normally, the unit is required to be reset by removing all power to the unit for 30 seconds and then reapplying power.
- Boost Mode: On MKIII machines running Rev3 Firmware, the running indicator will ALSO turn RED if the unit detects that it is required to run in "boost mode". Boost mode is activated automatically when the processor detects that one of the process control parameters is outside 10% of optimum range and "boosts" the power (voltage, current or frequency) to the silver electrodes to compensate. Depending on factors such as ambient temperature, quality of water and silver electrode atomic levels can cause "boost mode" to be activated. There is no detriment to the quality of the final solution if the entire production process is run in "boost mode".
Colloidal Silver FAQ's & Myths
The solution needs to be constantly stirred
- Myth: It is true that a gentle stirring of the solution during production is advantageous to spreading the silver colloids around the solution, but this stirring is not 100% required. There are even drawbacks to the wrong type of stirring. Stirring the solution too fast will cause the residue on the electrodes to be washed off and thus suspended in the produced solution. This will cause a grey/dark hue to be spread through the entire solution and if stirred too fast for hours on end, can even break the residue down in to too small to filter particles that you will then consume. A gentle stirring of the solution every so often during production will suffice to spread the colloids adequately in most cases. There will always be a trade off, stirring will reduce the production time, but will dislodge more electrode residue causing discolouration of the solution. No stirring will result in a longer production time, but will produce a much cleaner solution. The key is to find a balance between to two methods. We suggest a very slow/gentle stir as the optimum stir rate. You only need to have the smallest of movement in the water to be a perfectly effective stir. You're not looking to create a worm hole.
There needs to be an air tight seal on the jar.
- Myth: This is preposterous and very miss-leading. There are an infinitely greater number of oxygen atoms already in the water than will be able to enter the water from an open to the air set up. In fact, the silver electrodes are submerged in 33% pure oxygen, hence the chemical symbol of H2O . Why is it that these people who make this claim have no issue with oxygen when you are required to pour their solution out of their expensive Erlenmeyer flasks in to a storage jar or during filtration... are they expecting you to do this in a vacuum? If a manufacturer will miss-lead you on this, what else are they miss-leading you on?
I need to adjust the polarity switching right?
- Question: This is not strictly true, though we do employ a variation of this method on all of our machines. Simply put, polarity switching allows the silver electrodes to "share" the load of releasing their silver atoms in to the solution. When the positive (+) charge is applied to one electrode, it will release its atoms and not those of the negatively (-) charged electrode. Alternating this +/- cycle will allow both electrodes to work (release their silver atoms) at the same rate. However, the adjust-ability of this cycle time, known as Duty Cycle is not an adjustment that can be determined as required simply by human observation. Our machines all employ electronic measurement of the rate of silver electrode atomic depletion 16 million times per second. The result of these measurements will determine the optimum duty cycle that each electrode requires for it to be balanced with the other. Duty cycle can be explained as follows: if electrode A is + for 30 seconds in every minute, it is said to have a 50% duty cycle. If it is + for 15 seconds every minute, it would have a 25% duty cycle. Our machines use a variable duty cycle that changes automatically as determined by the internal processor, between 65% & 200%. It is impossible with human observation to determine what is the optimum duty cycle for any given point in the production process and thus making, manual duty cycle "fine tuning" adjustments, nothing more than a gimmick. It must also be stressed that too short of a duty cycle will not allow the time required to adequately "agitate" the silver atoms in the + charged electrode to release colloid sized particles.
I need to know the current applied to the electrodes.
- Myth: Let's say you know the exact current being fed to the electrodes, what would you do with this information? In fact, the current fed to the electrodes is only a small aspect of the electronic requirements of a good colloidal silver generator. There's no point knowing the current feed down to the micro amp if the electronics cannot or do not control it properly.
Why no laser on my Micro-Ag or Nano-Ag ICS machines?
- Question: For 2019 and the Nano-Ag PLUS, we have fitted a push button activated laser. This laser is only available as standard fitment on the Nano-Ag PLUS units. For all other units, a retrofit is available (AUD$59.99 + shipping costs) that will install a laser in the Head Unit as well as updating the electronics and software. This will not be a free retrofit.
I can just use 3 batteries to make colloidal silver.
- Myth: This is a sad indication of the level of rubbish people sell online. A battery or a number of batteries will never produce colloidal silver. In the same way a billy cart will never be an AMG Mercedes... yet people still purchase these scammers products. Our Nano-Ag PORTABLE unit is powered by a single 9Vdc battery however, it still runs the same processor as the Nano-Ag ICS, has Smart-Sense Polarity Switching and current balancing yet has an electrode voltage of 16Vdc.
How accurate is a PPM meter?
- Question: Generally, most if not all PPM meters on the market are not accurate. High accuracy PPM testing is not done with a PPM meter, but with a microscope. PPM meters should be used only as a guide and to ensure that you are able to create repeatable solutions. For example, a PPM reading on a PPM meter of 20PPM will in fact be much higher than that if measured with a microscope. ALL colloidal silver manufacturers revert back to store bought PPM meters when releasing results as this is the ONLY method that the average person can afford and relate to. A 20PPM solution measured on a store bought PPM meter will have a much greater number of actual silver colloids present.
Smaller colloids are better than larger ones.
- Mostly Myth: Generally, as a rule of thumb, smaller is better however, it is not just that simple. Particles of silver less than 5 nanometers (<5nm) start to become too small to have sufficient electo-magnetic & gravitational force and surface area (Surface Area of a Sphere = 4 pi r 2) to be able to "attract" and "attach" to other particles. In the same way that the (smaller) Moon is held in orbit by the (larger) Earth, a smaller particle will be attracted to a larger one by way of its smaller, weaker electro-magnetic & gravitational force compared to the larger particles larger, stronger forces. Silver particles larger than 5nanometers (>5nm) have a significantly increased electro-magnetic & gravitational force that attracts other smaller particles or bacteria etc to them. They also have a sufficiently large enough surface area to amalgamate with large bacteria they become attracted to, and kill them. <5nm particles are almost ineffective when attracted to much larger bacteria as they have insufficient surface area to amalgamate with that bacteria and kill it. All Renewedcell silver particles/colloids are between 12 nanometers and 20 nanometers in diameter. So, super small colloids are too small to attract larger bacteria and too small to kill larger bacteria they are attracted too. Don't fall for super small colloid size claims.
Don't I need an Erlenmeyer flask?
- Question: Not at all. In fact, we recommend never using one. Due to the cone shape of the Erlenmeyer flask, the distance between the electrodes and the glass is not consistent. This can lead to the silver electrodes only releasing their particles in specific areas at the top of the electrode. This also attributes to the premature replacement of the electrodes being required. You will notice that it is the sellers of Erlenmeyer flask style colloidal silver generators who advocate the use of much thicker 3mm+ (far more expensive) silver electrodes. In addition to this issue, the shape of the Erlenmeyer flask causes uneven dispersion of colloids when using a stirrer. The rotation of the liquid around the slimmer top of the Erlenmeyer flask is faster than that of the liquid lower down the flask in the thicker part, this creates a band of liquid that prevents the colloids higher in the flask from entering the lower part of the flask. The central column of liquid directly above the stirrer is the fastest moving in any vessel, so due to the narrowness of the Erlenmeyer flask design, you are inevitably going to have the top narrow section of the flask with a much faster rotating liquid. This high speed flow will remove more residue from the electrodes and thus exposing the top section of each electrode to disperse more and more silver. This will inevitably lead to uncontrollable ware of the electrodes.
Why so many acronyms with colloidal silver?
The vast majority of acronyms associated with colloidal silver are simply sales hype and marketing. Yes, we use acronyms in association to our internal references to aspects of our units such as CBM for Current Balancing Module. However, many people over use and misuse acronyms to the point of making the whole industry look amateurish. Here are a few examples:
- LVDC & LVDC-HF: This is one of the acronyms we use ourselves. Low Voltage, Direct Current and Low Voltage, Direct Current - High Frequency. This first part, LVDC is in reference to the (relatively) low voltage as measured across the electrodes (12vdc) and the type of electricity used, Direct Current. The HF acronym stands for High Frequency and is applicable to Renewedcell machines solely. Only Renewedcell generators use a HF output rather than a fixed output. The HF aspect relates to the 12Volts being switched off and on very fast. This frequency of switching is measured in Hertz and our units switches at over 1,000,000 times per second (Hertz)... thus above 1 Mhz.
- PWM: This just stands for Pulsed Width Modulation. This is a common and basic method used in electronics to control the voltage (often to a motor) by pulsing the voltage to that motor. The longer the pulse (pulse width) the higher the voltage (modulation), hence Pulsed Width Modulation. It is almost identical in principal to Duty Cycle, but the longer the pulse, the higher the voltage. PWM is not just used for motor conrol, it can be used to contol for example the brightness of a light bulb, LED or the volume of a buzzer.
- CLR: This simply means Current Limiting Resister. This is an elementary electronics principal based on electronics 101... literally the first thing a student learns in electronics. Ohms Law dictates that as the voltage decreases the current will increase, thus a resistance (a single component called a resistor) is placed in series (in line with) the load on a circuit to limit the amount of current that load can draw.
- LED: This only refers to a simple electronic component called a Light Emitting Diode . It is essentially the electronic version of a light bulb. Our units use them to indicate various states (off/on) just like the blue indicator on the Micro-AgTM and Nano-Ag ICSTM machines.
- STE: This is a made up acronym that pretends to mean something that does not exist, the Super Tyndall Effect. There is no such thing as a Super Tyndall Effect. There is however the Tyndall Effect  and some people wrongly use this testing method to determine if a colloidal solution is "quality" or not.
- ARP: This is another made up acronym meaning Adjustable Reverse Polarity. This is linked directly with the miss-leading myth/claim that a human can determine by pure visual observation the time required for the silver electrodes to change polarity for best operating practice and lifespan.
- ACCL: This, as above, is a made up acronym to mean Adjustable Constant Current Limiter. As with CLR (Current Limiting Resister), this miss-leading acronym refers only to the use of a variable value current limiting resistance . It should also be said that some better designed units may use a more sophisticated method of adjustable current limiting.